History of Architecture

NETHERLANDS

(1900-1945)

 

Hendrik Petrus BERLAGE (1856-1934)

Bourse d'Amsterdam 1898

Berlage studied architecture at the Zurich Institute of Technology between 1875 and 1878 after which he traveled extensively for 3 years through Europe. In the 1880s he formed a partnership in the Netherlands with Theodore Sanders which produced a mixture of practical and utopian projects. A published author, Berlage held memberships in various architectural societies including CIAM.

Berlage was influenced by the Neo-Romanesque brickwork architecture of Henry Hobson Richardson. This influence is visible in his design for the Amsterdam Commodities Exchange, for which he would also draw on the ideas of Viollet-le-Duc

Willem Marinus DUDOK (1884-1974)

 

Hilversum Town Hall, completed 1931

Jan DUIKER + Bernard BIJVOET

 

Ecole d'Amsterdam

 

Leendert VAN DER VLUGT (1894-1936), Brinckmann & Van der Vlugt

Van Nelle factory, Rotterdam 1940

The former Van Nelle Factory (Dutch : Van Nellefabriek) on the Schie river in Rotterdam, is considered a prime example of the International Style.

Soon after it was built, prominent architects described the factory as "the most beautiful spectacle of the modern age" (Le Corbusier in 1932) and "a poem in steel and glass".

Jos VAN KAATHOVEN

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Ford-garage

Den Bosch

1932

Others ...

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