History of Architecture
Hendrik Petrus BERLAGE (1856-1934)
Bourse d'Amsterdam 1898
Berlage studied architecture at the Zurich Institute of Technology between 1875 and 1878 after which he traveled extensively for 3 years through Europe. In the 1880s he formed a partnership in the Netherlands with Theodore Sanders which produced a mixture of practical and utopian projects. A published author, Berlage held memberships in various architectural societies including CIAM.
Berlage was influenced by the Neo-Romanesque brickwork architecture of Henry Hobson Richardson. This influence is visible in his design for the Amsterdam Commodities Exchange, for which he would also draw on the ideas of Viollet-le-Duc.
Willem Marinus DUDOK (1884-1974)
Hilversum Town Hall, completed 1931
Jan DUIKER + Bernard BIJVOET
Leendert VAN DER VLUGT (1894-1936), Brinckmann & Van der Vlugt
Van Nelle factory, Rotterdam 1940
The former Van Nelle Factory (Dutch : Van Nellefabriek) on the Schie river in Rotterdam, is considered a prime example of the International Style.
Soon after it was built, prominent architects described the factory as "the most beautiful spectacle of the modern age" (Le Corbusier in 1932) and "a poem in steel and glass".